Anemia is one of the common health problems, especially in women. Unfortunately, not many people realize that he is suffering from anemia. Symptoms of anemia, such as fatigue, are sometimes considered as ordinary things by some people. However, anemia needs to be addressed. If left unchecked, the symptoms can develop into more serious matters.
But wait first. Don't arbitrarily seek to overcome anemia. Wrong symptoms can be worse. Anemia should be addressed according to what is the cause.
How to treat anemia based on anemia
Many things can be causes of anemia, for example a lot of blood loss, production of red blood cells decreased, or red blood cells damaged. Each cause can cause different symptoms, so that the handling will also be different. The doctor will find out in advance the cause of anemia that you are experiencing to be able to cope with anemia.
Anemia due to blood loss
A lot of blood loss or bleeding can cause you to suffer from anemia. This can occur due to various causes, such as problems in the stomach and intestines, the use of long-term non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that cause gastric inflammation, heavy menstruation, or heavy bleeding during childbirth.
In this condition, you may need to be treated for the treatment of blood transfusions, liquids, oxygen, and iron to treat anemia quickly. It is done to help the body produce new red blood cells.
Iron deficiency anemia
This is a common style of anemia that occurs in many people, especially in women who are severely menstruating. Iron deficiency Anemia is caused by the lack of iron that is in the body, so that the body is not able to produce enough red blood cells. Therefore, to overcome it you need to increase the amount of your iron intake from food or even you need to consume iron supplements.
Examples of food sources containing high iron are red meat, egg yolks, seafood, wheat, and nuts. You also need to add dietary sources of vitamin C in your food menu to help the body absorb iron.
Vitamin B12 and foliate deficiency anemia
Anemia can also occur because the body is deficient in vitamin B12 and foliate. These two nutrients also required the body to make healthy red blood cells. To overcome this, you certainly need to multiply the intake of foods containing vitamin B12 (such as meat, ATI, fish, oysters, clams, milk, cheese, and eggs) and folate (like green vegetables and milk). In addition, the doctor may provide you with injections of vitamin B12 or vitamin B12 supplements and folate supplements.
Anemia due to chronic diseases
Anemia can be caused by chronic diseases, such as chronic kidney disease and cancer (after chemotherapy). However, this can be solved by the injection of erythropoietin or blood transfusions, in addition to treating the disease that is the cause. Erythropoietin is a hormone produced by the kidneys, where its function is to stimulate the production of red blood cells in the bone marrow.
Anemias caused by heredity
There are two groups of anemia caused by heredity, hemolytic anemia (where red blood cells die too fast) and anemia associated with bone marrow. Thalassemia disease and sickle cell anemia enter into a group of hemolytic anemia. Meanwhile, aplastic anemia is included in the group of anemia associated with bone marrow.
Thalassemia and sickle cell anemia can generally be treated with blood transfusions, administering folic acid supplements, or bone marrow transplantation (replacing your bone marrow with a healthy bone marrow from donors). In addition, the appointment of the spleen (splenectomy) can also be performed to treat thalassemia.
Meanwhile, aplastic anemia can also be treated with blood transfusions and bone marrow transplantation if the bone marrow is problematic so it can’t make healthy red blood cells. Treatment for treating thalassemia, sickle cell anemia, and aplastic anemia vary considerably, depending on the condition and severity of the symptoms.
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